THERE IS A SIGN OUTSIDE THE PATIENT'S ROOM THAT STATES ''DO NOT ENTER WITHOUT
ADVICE FROM THE NURSE". AM I ALLOWED TO ENTER THE PATIENT'S ROOM?
sign alerts everyone to patients who are infected with or colonizing
an infectious organism. Individuals entering the room must
follow the appropriate infection control procedures. By notifying
the nurse before entering an infected patient's room, appropriate
infection control procedures will be utilized to control the spread
of the infection.
HOW DO I KNOW I'M FOLLOWING THE PROPER PROCEDURES
WHEN I'M PERFORMING NURSING CARE?
care plan of each patient diagnosed with an infectious disease or
potential colonization contains the appropriate infection control
procedures to guide the nurse. Also, each hospital unit has procedure
manuals containing infection control procedures that guide nursing
interventions. Ask your nursing instructor for direction.
HOW DO I KNOW WHICH PATIENT IS INFECTED?
HOW DO I PROTECT MYSELF FROM BECOMING INFECTED?
standard precautions and medical asepsis with all patients helps to
prevent contamination from an unknown source. When the infectious
agent is known, specific isolation techniques are followed. The most
important self-protective technique is hand washing before and after
care of a patient. When a nurse is ill and comes in contact with an
infectious agent, the nurse becomes a susceptible
host and more vulnerable and available to the infectious agent.
The nurse learns to use good judgement about personal health needs
and when it is necessary to take a sick day.
WHAT DOES MRSA MEAN?
staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a microbe that adapted to changes in the
environment to compete for survival. Staphylococcus aureus, a common organism,
developed resistance to medication. Patients infected with the resistant
strain may remain infected or colonized for long periods. The main mode
of transmission is via the hands of the health care worker. It is important
to understand the appropriate method of protection and control when providing
nursing care for someone infected with MRSA.
MRSA is a common cause of nosocomial
WHAT DOES IT MEAN WHEN THE PATIENT'S CARE PLAN HAS VRE WRITTEN ACROSS THE
resistant Enterococcus (VRE) is an organism that resists the effects of
the antibiotic Vancomycin. For many patients infected with VRE, there is
no known effective medication. VRE is one of the common causes of nosocomial
infection and is easily transmitted on the hands of the health care worker.
It is important to utilize appropriate nursing intervention to control the
spread of VRE.