Infection Control From A Nursing Perspective
The nurse plays a critical role in preventing and controlling infectious disease. The beginning nursing student participates significantly in the prevention process from the initial introduction to nursing care. An important component in preparing for clinical nursing practice is an understanding of the infection process and prevention techniques. Microbiology and other science courses provide background information about pathogenic organisms. The transfer of these scientific principles to the applied art and science of nursing involves an awareness of the dynamics of the infectious process.
Factors to the Process of Infection
therapy, the primary medical treatment for infection, also promotes a
great danger: the development of drug-resistant strains of microorganisms,
such as MRSA
Many of these organisms colonize in a host without causing an acute infection.
Colonization is the presence and multiplication of a microorganism without
tissue invasion or damage. A patient with microorganism colonization does
not show signs of infection and is not immediately recognized as a reservoir
of an infectious agent.
In nursing, measures to prevent the transmission of infectious microorganisms from patient to patient become a significant component of care. This prevention is achieved through the practice of medical asepsis and standard precautions. Standard precautions include universal precautions and nosocomial infection.
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CHAIN OF INFECTION