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Chain of Infection
Definitions
Infectious Agent
Infectious Diseases
 
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Prevention & Control
Risks & Precautions
Susceptible Host
Transmission
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External Sites
[* = Recommended for beginning nursing students]


CHAIN OF INFECTION

*Chain of Infection. OSHA.
General introduction.

Universal Infection Control Precautions: Minimizing the Risk of Blood-borne Infection. AIDS Series.
Ministry of Health, Malaysia.
Describes chain of infection and precautions for bloodborne infections.

DEFINITIONS - External Sites
*Antimicrobial Resistance Glossary of Terms. CDC.

INFECTIOUS AGENT
Antibiotic Resistance
Antimicrobial Resistance: a Growing Threat to Public Health. CDC.
Overview of drug-resistant organisms in health care settings.

*Antimicrobial Resistance Glossary of Terms. CDC.

The Challenge of Antibiotic Resistance.
By Stuart B. Levy. Scientific American (3), 1998.
Discussion of current status and dangers of antibiotic therapy.

Bloodborne Pathogens
*Bloodborne Pathogens. OSHA Training.

MRSA
*Colonization vs. Infection.
Nursing96 (9), 1996.
Overview of MRSA and VRE.

*MRSA. Johns Hopkins.
Explains infection vs. colonization and discusses implications for hospital care.

*MRSA - Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus. CDC.
Covers transmission, colonization and infection, and standard precautions.

VISA
*VISA - Fact Sheet. CDC.
Discusses normal flora vs infectious agent. Provides clear definitions of VISA-MRSA-VRSA.


VRE

*Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci (VRE). Johns Hopkins.
Basic introduction to nosocomial infections and control procedures.

*VRE & MRSA: Putting Bad Bugs Out of Business.
By Barbara Sheff. Nursing98 (3), 1998.
Clear account of superbugs.

INFECTIOUS DISEASES
CDAD
Gastrointestinal Infections: Control of Clostridium Difficile-Associated Disease (CDAD). CDC.
Description, prevention and control for health care workers.

Minimizing the Threat of C. Difficile
By Barbara Sheff. Nursing99 (2), 1999.

Respiratory Diseases
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV). Johns Hopkins, Infection & Control.

RSV Infection. Part I. Issues on Prevention of Nosocmial [sic.] Pneumonia, 1994.CDC.
Epidemiology, diagnosis, transmission, and control.

Tuberculosis
Protect Yourself Against Tuberculosis: Introduction. NIOSH.
Basic information about the tuberculosis and protective measures.

Keeping TB in Check.
By Janice M. Boutotte. Nursing99 (3), 1999.

Tuberculosis. Johns Hopkins, Prevention & Control.
Describes basic prevention and measures to prevent exposures.

Urinary Tract Infections
Guideline for Prevention of Catheter-associated Urinary Tract Infections.
By Edward S. Wong, CDC.

Viral Hepatitis
*Hepatitis A. CDC.
Contains basic information on transmission and recommendations for health care workers.

*Hepatitis C: Speaking out about the silent epidemic.
By Sue Parini. Nursing2001 (3), 2001.

*How Hepatitis Types Differ.
By Sue Parini. Nursing2001, (3) 2001.

*Questions Frequently Asked About Hepatitis B. Immunization Action Coalition.
A basic reference guide for students. Includes information on interpretation of blood test results.

Viral Hepatitis C - Frequently Asked Questions. CDC.
Includes facts about the disease and recommendations for health care workers.

PREVENTION and CONTROL
Immunization
Infection Control Nurse Urges Parents to Support U.S. Vaccine Program. Immunization Action Coalition.
Nurse urges against a current trend with potentially devastating consequences.


Standard Precautions

Airborne Isolation. Johns Hopkins.

The Epidemiology of Contact Transmission: Beyond Semmelweis.
By Edward S. Wong. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 21(2), 2000.

*Guidelines for Isolation Precautions in Hospitals.
Part II: Recommendations For Isolation Precautions. CDC.
Note! Go to Contents, Part II.

Handwashing and Antisepsis. Johns Hopkins.

*Infection Control: Information for New Employees. Johns Hopkins.

*Standard Precautions. Johns Hopkins, Prevention & Control.

*Standard Precautions. OSHA Training, Bloodborne Pathogens.

Universal Infection Control Precautions: Minimizing the Risk of Blood-borne Infection. AIDS Series.
Ministry of Health, Malaysia.
Describes chain of infection and precautions for bloodborne infections.

*Universal Precautions For Prevention Of Transmission Of HIV And Other Bloodborne Infections. CDC.

MRSA
*MRSA - Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus. CDC.
Covers transmission, colonization and infection, and standard precautions.

Respiratory Diseases
Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection:
Recommendations for Prevention of Nosocomial RSV Infection. CDC.
See II. Interruption of Transmission of RSV.

Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV). Johns Hopkins, Prevention & Control.
Description, diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control.

Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis. Johns Hopkins, Prevention & Control.
Describes basic prevention and measures to prevent exposures.

VRE
*VRE & MRSA: Putting Bad Bugs Out of Business.
By Barbara Sheff. Nursing98 (3), 1998.
Clear account of superbugs.

*Vancomycin Resistant Enterococci (VRE). Johns Hopkins.
Basic introduction to nosocomial infections and control procedures.

RISKS & PRECAUTIONS For NURSES
Bloodborne Pathogens
*Bloodborne Pathogens. OSHA Training

Immunization
ACIP Adopts Guidelines on Immunizing Health Care Workers.

Immunization of Health-Care Workers: Recommendations.
A comprehensive review of infection risks and immunizations for the health care worker.


*Standard Precautions. OSHA Training, Bloodborne Pathogens.


*Universal Precautions For Prevention Of Transmission Of HIV And Other Bloodborne Infections. CDC.


SUSCEPTIBLE HOST
ACIP Adopts Guidelines on Immunizing Health Care Workers.

Combating UTI: Urinary Tract Infection.
By Jody A. Lambright Eckler. Nursing2000 (6), 2000.

Guideline for Prevention of Catheter-associated Urinary Tract Infections.
By Edward S. Wong, CDC.

Treating urinary tract infections in the elderly.
By Gail A. Suchinski.

Urinary Catheters: the Most Common Site of Nosocomial Infection. Johns Hopkins.
Procedures to prevent infection.

*VRE & MRSA: Putting Bad Bugs Out of Business.
By Barbara Sheff. Nursing98 (3), 1998.
Clear account of superbugs.

TRANSMISSION
Airborne Isolation. Johns Hopkins.

*Colonization vs. Infection.
Nursing96 (9), 1996.
Overview of MRSA & VRE.

The Epidemiology of Contact Transmission: Beyond Semmelweis.
By Edward S. Wong. Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 21 (2), 2000.

Gastrointestinal Infections: Control of Clostridium Difficile-Associated Disease (CDAD). CDC.
Description, prevention and control for health care workers.

Handwashing and Antisepsis. Johns Hopkins.


*Hepatitis A. CDC.
Contains basic information on transmission and recommendations for healthcare workers.

*Infection Control: Information for New Employees. Johns Hopkins.

Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV). Johns Hopkins, Prevention & Control.

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection. CDC.
See II. Interruption of transmission of RSV.
Covers prevention and control.


*Standard Precautions. Johns Hopkins, Prevention & Control.


*Universal Precautions For Prevention Of Transmission Of HIV And Other Bloodborne Infections. CDC.

*VRE & MRSA: Putting Bad Bugs Out of Business.
By Barbara Sheff. Nursing98 (3), 1998.
Clear account of superbugs.